During the Western Zhou Dynasty more than 3100 years ago, our ancestors began to master the technology of glass manufacturing. In the early Western Zhou Dynasty tombs in Luogou, Luoyang, Henan Province, and Baoji Rujiazhuang, Shaanxi Province, a large number of glass tubes and glass beads were found. The earliest glass appeared in the late spring and autumn. For example, the more King Goujian sword, its sword on both sides are actually inlaid with light blue glass containing more small bubbles.
The glass of the Han Dynasty inherited the tradition of lead and barium glass in the Warring States Period and was more like jade. According to the shape of the device, the purpose is divided into glass containers, funeral glassware and glass decorations. There are more glassware imported from Roman Persia. More than 2,000 years ago, when Zhao Feiyan, who is said to be able to do handheld dance, lived in the "Zhaoyang Temple", "the windows are mostly green glass, and they are all illuminated. The hair must not be hidden." It shows that the transparent doors and windows at that time can already shine their eyebrows. It can be seen that the so-called "clear Windows" bedroom is not the beginning of modern times;
In the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, although the society was turbulent, the upper class's wealth and luxury style still led to the development of lead-barium glass, and the importation of Roman and Sassanid vessels increased. By the Northern Wei Dynasty, China had adopted glass blowing technology. The number of domestic glassware in this period is relatively small compared to imported Roman glass and Sassanid glass;
During the Sui and Tang dynasties, there was a major development in glass manufacturing. In particular, the national unity of the Tang Dynasty, social stability, political, economic, and cultural prosperity provided conditions for the development of handicrafts. The glass composition of the Sui and Tang dynasties mainly used two different formulations of high-lead glass and sodium calcium glass. In particular, sodium calcium glass increased significantly during this period, which was inseparable from the economic and cultural exchanges between the East and the West at that time. In the Tang Dynasty, Buddhism's relics buried system was the use of glass bottles as the innermost layer of relics, which also promoted the development of the Chinese glass industry.
From the time of the Northern Song Dynasty, the glass process level has made great progress. 33 relics glass bottles unearthed in Beisongpeiji in Dingxian County, Hebei Province, with walls such as thin paper and crystal crystal; The polished glass unearthed in Tianchang, Anhui Province, and the hundreds of chicken egg-shaped glass bottles unearthed in Mixian County, Henan Province are proof of the Advancement of glass manufacturing technology in the Northern Song Dynasty and the development of glass blowing.
During the Yuan and Ming dynasties, glass was not valued. Even if there was still production, the technology did not improve much. In the Ming Dynasty, the number of Western glassware imported into our country dropped significantly. At this time, Islamic glass was going downhill(instead of Islamic glass, Venetian glass). This situation did not change until the early Qing Dynasty;